Thursday, January 28, 2016

Solon lobbies for marine protection of Masbate's Sombrero Islands

Solon lobbies for Masbate's Sombrero Islands marine protection
A lawmaker is pushing for the approval of a bill declaring the Sombrero Turtle and Sea Eagle Islands as Marine Protected Areas under the category of wildlife sanctuary and as an important critical habitat in the Bicol region.

Rep. Maria Vida E. Bravo (1st District, Masbate) filed House Bill 6364 mandating the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) and the Protected Area Superintendent Office (PASu) under the general supervision of the Protected Area Management Board (PAMB) to prepare a 25-year management plan in consultation with local government units, local communities, concerned government agencies and experts who may extend their services.

“It is incumbent upon Congress to declare the Sombrero Turtle and Sea Eagle Island Sanctuary as Protected Area and Critical Habitat in order to safeguard its ecological significance and protect the diminishing population of the Hawksbill Turtles (Erethmochelys Imbricate) and Green Sea Turtles (Chelonia Mydas),” Bravo said.

Bravo said the bill is in consonance with the policy of the State to protect the nation’s marine wealth in its archipelagic waters, territorial seas and economic seas and economic zone and reserve its enjoyment to the Filipino citizen.

According to her, the Sombrero Turtle and Sea Eagle Island Wildlife Sanctuary and Critical Habitat cover all the lands and waters comprising within the Barangay of Iniwaran, Municipality of San Pascual, Masbate.

Bravo said the island is also the nesting site of the Sea bird (White breasted Sea Eagle) including the terrestrial and marine ecosystem and resources and its hosts, as well as provide for its regimented management.

The bill also intends to establish additional measures for the preservation and protection of the Philippine biological diversity and promote ecological sustainable development, Bravo said.

“The measure aims to expand the participation of the private sector in the conservation of the environment by providing for incentives and a strong science-based framework which will guide the programs and activities for the same,” Bravo noted.

Cops on trail of men who robbed Php3.3M for 4Ps recipients

Joint operatives of the Albay Police Provincial Office and Rapu-Rapu Municipal Police Station are in hot pursuit against the suspects behind the robbery-hold involving PHP2.34 million cash intended for 
payment of beneficiaries of the Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program in Rapu-Rapu, Albay.

The money was forcibly taken on early Wednesday morning from personnel of Smart-NATCO (National Confederation Cooperative), the conduit of the Land Bank of the Philippines (LBP) in the island-municipality where there is no bank ATM, according to Department of Social Welfare and Development Bicol Regional Director Arnel C. Garcia.

He identified the Smart-NATCO employees as Allan B. Competente and Richielda A. Batang.

Garcia said they are closely coordinating with authorities, LBP officials and other concerned individuals for the success of the investigation.

The incident happened in the residence of barangay kagawad Eddie Bibat at Purok, Barangay Villahermosa, Rapu-Rapu.

The DSWD official said what happened was indeed sad but at least no one died or was hurt.

Garcia assured the 4Ps beneficiaries that they will receive their cash assistance but it would take time.

He said the LBP will do something to replace the amount taken by the criminals.

The amount was for the first quarter of 2016 and intended for about 5,000 families in the area that are enrolled in the program.

Garcia said the conduit organization has an insurance coverage for such eventuality. (Nancy Ibo Mediavillo, PNA)

Positive reinforcement in the classroom

Teaching is a balance between introducing new concepts and reinforcing the ones that have been introduced. A teacher does not only present a lesson, but also ensures that the lesson is mastered, so that novel ideas can be built upon it.

To this end, educators can choose to utilize either positive or negative reinforcement. Rooted in psychology, the notion of reinforcement has to do with emphasizing either the advantages or disadvantages of a particular behavior. The goal, depending on the case case, is to encourage or discourage the repetition of the behavior in the future. In other words, positive reinforcement increases the likelihood that such behavior is reprised, while negative reinforcement decreases the same likelihood.

In this essay, we shall focus on the effects and merits of positive reinforcement in the classroom.

In the classroom, the use of encouraging words is an example of positive reinforcement. When a teacher tells a student or “Excellent work” after a particularly good job or attempt at the same, the teacher motivates the student to keep doing work of similar impressive quality.

Rewards or incentives may also be given to achieve the same objective. For instance, teachers of younger pupils mark outstanding works with star stickers that indicate the work is of superb quality.

The act of drawing the attention of the class to a particular work can be a reward itself to the pupil who did well. It also inspires other pupils to do better so that they will get the same reward at another time.

Positive reinforcement has numerous advantages in the classroom. It provides a sense of self-worth by alleviating doubts any person may have on his or her job, it improves the pupils’ morale, and encourages good behavior. It is a valuable practice not only for teachers of elementary pupils, but also of students of other levels. It is even helpful for managers of a workplace or leaders of an organization.

Try positive reinforcement today, and you might just be surprised with the benefits it ushers into your group.

Albay 70 percent ready for Palarong Pambansa 2016

LEGAZPI CITY — Albay province is 70-percent finished with works on the facilities at the Bicol University Sports Complex for the Palarong Pambansa 2016 to be held here on April 10-18.

Roderick Mendoza, provincial sports coordinator, said all the facilities needed, including the oval, are nearing completion.

Mendoza said they have tripled their efforts on a 24/7 scheme to finish the games facilities on the deadline set by National Sports Committee for the sports competition, which is March 10.

He estimated that their office will finish all construction works on the first week of February.
The Albay sports official said all involved individuals, especially local officials of the three cities and 15 towns in the province and national government agencies and the private sector, have been throwing their full support for the success of the big national event.

He said the Ibalong Centrum for Recreation will be the site of basketball games while the hangar of the Tactical Operations Group 5 of the Philippine Air Force will be the venue for the badminton.

Mendoza said officials of the National Committee of the Palaro are scheduled to come to the province to assess the preparation it has done to host the national games. (PNA)

Tuesday, January 26, 2016

Law book on municipal court work by CSur judge out now

JUSTICE OF THE PEACE: The Work of a First-Level Court Judge in the Rinconada District of Camarines Sur by Judge Soliman M. Santos, Jr. is now off the press from major law book publisher Central Book Supply, Inc. (Central Books). It is a different kind of law book on municipal-level court work that is a good read for members of the bench and the bar, and a must-read particularly for new first-level court judges. Unlike most law books for judges that are about the rules of procedure, this new book contains insights, learnings and examples from practice, in the case of Judge Santos, of more than five years at the first-level.

Judge Santos was the Presiding Judge of the 9th Municipal Circuit Trial Court (MCTC) of Nabua-Bato, Camarines Sur for most of 2010-15. During this period, he was also Acting Presiding Judge of the Municipal Trial Court (MTC) of Balatan, Camarines Sur for about four years. He was likewise a Judge-Designate for inhibited cases in the MTCs of Baao and Buhi, Camarines Sur and in the Municipal Trial Court in Cities (MTCC) of Iriga City. These mentioned localities constitute the peculiar and challenging Rinconada District of Camarines Sur, the province’s largely rural south-eastern corner. He is a member of the Camarines Sur Chapters of the Integrated Bar of the Philippines (IBP) and the Philippine Trial Judges League, Inc. (PTJLI). Judge Santos was just very recently promoted to the second-level judgeship of the Regional Trial Court (RTC) Branch 61 of Naga City in Camarines Sur.

Judge Santos’ book hews to the famous quote from Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. that “The life of the law has not been logic; it has been experience.” Experience is not only real-life cases that become jurisprudence. Experience is also the practical nitty-gritty from start to finish of cases, and oftentimes also their before (e.g. pre-filing proceedings usually at the barangay level, or also what might be called the demand letter stage) and after (e.g. implementation/execution of the decision/judgment/final order or resolution finally disposing of the case). Practice is not only a matter of dealing with the law, rules, facts, issues, evidence and arguments. It is also a matter of dealing with people of all sorts, institutions, the social environment, and cultural attitudes.

As Judge Santos writes in the book’s Introduction, “It is time, even for (continuing) legal (and judicial) education purposes, that more of the experience from trial court practice is shared. This book hopes to be a modest contribution for that kind of sharing – of which it seems there is not enough of.” The book is organized in five Parts: Part I – A Report to Stakeholders, A Letter to the Staff; Part II – Amicable Settlement: Policy, Philosophy, Practice; Part III -- On the Merits: Decisions, Judgments, Final Resolutions; Part IV – Special Issuances, Miscellaneous Handouts; and Part V – Judicial Reforms: A View from the “Boondocks.”

The book’s Foreword was written by former Supreme Court Justice and now Ombudsman Conchita Carpio Morales, before whom author Judge Santos had taken his oath as MCTC Judge in 2010 when Morales was a Supreme Court Justice. She writes: “Russian theater director Constantin Stanislavski (1863-1938) stated that ‘there are no small parts, only small actors,’ in driving home the point that all roles are important and must be performed well. After half a decade, the author continues to stand tall… I commend the author, Judge Soliman Melchor Santos, Jr. for his devotion to the pursuit of judicial excellence. This book… is a testament to his passion and dedication…This worthy publication deserves the attention and accolade of all members of the bench and bar.”

The book Justice of the Peace is available at P500 per copy at all outlets/branches of Central Books: in Quezon City (at its main office, 927 Quezon Ave., Tel. 3723550, Cel. 0917-5049977, Email:,; in Mandaluyong City (at SM Mega Mall Building A, 5th Level, Tel. 6381088); in Manila (at Ever Gotesco, Manila Plaza Mall, C.M. Recto Ave., Tel. 7346178); in Makati City (at Lyceum-Makati, 109 SDC Building, Leviste St., Brgy. Bel-Air, Tel. 8875245); in Cebu City (at GV Building, P. del Rosario St., Tel. 2530784); and in Davao City (19A, Building D, Aldevinco Shopping Center, Roxas St.,Tel. 2241070). Online inquiries and orders may be made through the Central Books website The book is also available at: Solidaridad Bookshop (531 Padre Faura, Ermita, Manila, Te. 2541086); Popular Book Store (305 Tomas Morato Ave., Quezon City, Tel. 3722162); and the office of author Judge Santos at the RTC Branch 61, 3rd Floor, Hall of Justice, City Hall Complex, J. Miranda Ave., Naga City.

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